Huang Yubin became a member of the Heilongjiang provincial gymnastic team in 1970, and then a member of the national team in 1975. He is an all-round gymnast, good at all apparatus, but still his best apparatus is the rings. Huang is the first Chinese male gymnast to perform the whole set of movements with arms extended at the rings.
Huang won the gold medal in the rings at the 8th Asian Games in 1978, took sixth place in the rings at the 20th World Gymnastics Championships in 1979, shared the first place in the rings with Soviet gymnast Makuts and took the third place at the 1980 World Cup Gymnastics Tournament. In 1981, he was runner-up in the rings and took the third place with other teammates in the team event at the 21st World Gymnastics Championships. He was one of the leading members of the Chinese team capturing the men's team gold medal and taking a bronze medal in the rings at the 9th Asian Games in 1982.
After 1985, Huang has been the coach of the national team and its deputy head coach after 1992. He was promoted to the position of head coach in 1997. The world champions under his coaching include Fan Di, Li Jing, Li Chunyang, Li Xiaoshuang, and Huang Liping.