An E (安娥 1905-1976) is famous Chinese writer. A native of Huolu, Hebei Province, An E was born in September 1905. She studied at the Beijing Fine Arts School and joined the Communist Youth League of China and the Party in 1925. She worked for the League in Beijing and went to Dalian to work for the revolution and woman workers' movement. In 1927, she studied at Zhongshan University in Moscow. Upon her return to China two years later, she worked with the Special Works Department of the Central Party Committee.
After 1933, An E took part in the progressive literature and art movement in Shanghai and became director of the Song Department of the Pathe Recording Company. In 1934, she wrote the words to the title track of the film Song of the Fishermen, about the hardships, bitterness and anger of Chinese fishermen. It became very popular throughout China. Her "Newspaper Selling Song" as well as her anti-Japanese songs were widely sung by the Chinese people. In 1936, she wrote a drama in verse called Songhum Has Turned Red about a spontaneously organized armed band of peasants who doggedly fight against the Japanese invaders. The language of this poetic drama was simple and concise, rich in the rustic flavor of north China.
During the War of Resistance Against Japan, An E became a war correspondent in Wuhan, Chongqing, Guilin, and Kunming. She also wrote an opera Spring in the Battlefield. An E returned to Shanghai after the war and taught at the Shanghai Experimental Drama School. After 1948, she went to work in the liberated areas.
After the founding the People's Republic of China in 1949, she became a professional writer at the Beijing People's Art Theater, as well as the Chinese Dramatists' Association. Apart from writing and translating plays, she wrote reportage. An E was disabled due to sickness in 1956 and died in August 1976.
Her main works include "Song of the Fishermen" (1934), Songhum Has Turned Red (1936), "The Sons and Daughters of North China" (1937), and Spring in the Battlefield (1941).