On June 28, 2012, famous Chinese film actress Zhang Ruifang (张瑞芳) died in Shanghai at the age of 94. Along with Bai Yang, Shu Xiuwen and Qin Yi, she was considered to be one of the "Four Famous Female Actresses" of Chinese film and stage.
Born on June 15, 1918 in Baoding, Hebei Province, Zhang enrolled in the Beiping National Arts School in 1935, majoring in western painting. She joined the Communist Party of China (CPC) in 1937 and the following year entered the Chinese Drama Society, majoring in performance. For a long period of time, Zhang was active in the theatre. During the Anti-Japanese War Period (1937-1945), she joined the Peking students' mobile performance troupe in the name of national salvation, promoting resistance against the Japanese invaders.
During her lifetime, Zhang starred in many films and stage dramas. In 1963, Zhang won the Hundred Flowers Award for Best Actress after playing a housewife in the comedy “Li Shuangshuang.” In 2007, she received the Golden Rooster Lifetime Achievement Award.
The following are the most important films Zhang Ruifang starred in from 1940-1982.
Fire Baptism 火的洗礼 1940
On the Songhua River 松花江上 1947
Fight North and South 南征北战 1952
The Song of Phoenix 凤凰之歌 1957
By the Three-Eight River 三八河畔 1958
Nie Er 聂耳 1959
Always Colorful Spring 万紫千红总是春 1959
Li Shuangshuang 李双双 1962
Li Shanzi 李善子 1964
Flowing River大河奔流 1979
Roar! The Yellow River 怒吼吧！黄河 1979
Tink, Tink, the Fountain 泉水叮咚 1982