The Humble Administrator's Garden
The Humble Administrator's Garden is a key cultural relic site under state protection and occupies 4.15 hectares of land inside the eastern gate of the old city of Suzhou. During the Ming Dynasty in 1509, Wang Xianchen, a disappointed official, returned to his hometown and built the garden on the ruins of the Yuan Dynasty Dahong Temple. Wang named the garden "Zhuozheng," referring to himself self-effacingly as a lamentable and humble administrator.
The garden is divided into the east, west and central areas. Its main element is water, and many of its buildings have water frontage in typical Jiangnan water town style. Listed as cultural relics of national importance in 1961, it is a typical example of the art of horticulture south of the Yangtze River as well as a treasure house epitomizing arts of architecture, calligraphy, carving, painting, and bonsai.