The Shangfang Mountain is located in Fangshan District in the southwestern suburbs. It has nine caves, 12 peaks, and 72 temples and nunneries. In 1992, it was made a national forest park and became a holiday resort with beautiful landscapes, ancient trees, wild flowers, maple leaves, and pleasant climate.
Covering an area of 3.293 million sq. m, Shangfang Mountain is an offshoot of the Yanshan Mountains. The main peak is 860 m above sea level. It has a unique geological environment and climate, with 95 percent of its slopes covered by plants and trees. Among its 12 peaks, the Heavenly Pillar in the center of the mountain is the most outstanding. It is the best place to watch sunrise.