On December 4, 1906, Tongmenghui organized an armed revolt among secret organizations against the Qing government and miners in Pingxiang, Jiangxi province, and Liuyang and Liling of Hunan province, which was popularly called the "Pingliuli Uprising". More than 6,000 people took part in the initial uprising, rising to over 30,000. Led by Gong Chuntai, the rebel army released a manifesto condemning the Qing government and stating their intention to establish a republic to ensure people's equal rights and wellbeing. The uprising soon spread to the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The Qing government sent troops from Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi and Jiangsu provinces to suppress the uprising, and more than 10,000 people were killed.