On the evening of September 15, 1200 anti-Japanese fighters led by Liang Jufu burnt down Japanese storehouses at Pingdingshan village, before marching on and burning down a Japanese coal mine at Yangbaibao.
The following morning, Japanese police and soldiers took revenge. They herded the residents of Pingdingshan together at bayonet-point, penned them in with barbed wire and machine-gunned them. Around 3000 people, mainly women and children were killed. Only 20 or 30 villagers survived the massacre. The Japanese then used gasoline to burn the village to the ground.