Jiu San Society
Jiu San Society is a political party featuring political alliance based on high and intermediate level intellectuals in the S&T fields. It is a participating party that accepts the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC), co-operates with it closely, and dedicates itself to building socialism with Chinese characteristics.
The predecessor of Jiu San Society was the Democracy and Science Forum organized by a number of democracy and science-motivated scholars in Chongqing in the latter period of the War of Resistance against Japan to develop the anti-imperialist and patriotic spirit of the May 4th Movement of 1919. It was later reorganized into Jiu San Society on September 3, 1945 to mark the great victory of the Anti-Japanese War and World Anti-fascist War and then officially inaugurated on May 4, 1946. During the Liberation War period, Jiu San Society endorsed the political propositions of the CPC, united with and co-operated with it and actively participated in the democratic movement against the Kuomintang dictatorship and fought for the victory of the New Democratic Revolution. In January 1949, Jiu San Society issued a declaration in response to the May 1 call of the CPC Central Committee, and the Eight Peace Advocates of Chairman Mao Zedong and in support of the convocation of the New Political Consultative Conference. In September 1949 representatives of Jiu San Society took part in the First Plenary Session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and joined the formulation of the Common Program, the composition of the Central People's Government and the proclamation of the People's Republic of China. After the establishment of New China, Jiu San Society took the Common Program of the CPPCC as its own political platform, participated in the consultation of major issues in state political activity under the leadership of the CPC, organized its members to participate in the democratic reform and socialist transformation movements, and made positive contributions to the development of socialist undertakings including S&T, education and medicine. After the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC, Jiu San Society further defined its nature, status and role of a participating party under the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory. Focusing on economic construction, it conscientiously performed its functions to participate in the discussion and administration of political and government affairs as well as democratic supervision and made important contributions to the building of socialism with Chinese characteristics. During the past five decades and more Jiu San Society developed the spirit of democracy and science, and formed a good tradition of adhering to patriotism and socialism, accepting CPC leadership and closely co-operating with the CPC and strengthening self-construction and making consistent progress.
During the new historical period Jiu San Society shifted the focus of work on to serving the socialist modernization drive and kept opening up new situations. Implementing the basic line of focusing on economic construction, persisted in the four cardinal principles as well as reform and opening up, Jiu San Society adhered to the CPC-led multi-party co-operation and political consultation system, participated in state regime, participated in the consultation of major state policies and national leader elections, participated in governing state affairs and the formulation and enforcement of state general and specific policies, as well as laws and regulations. Fully displaying its personnel and intellectual advantages, Jiu San Society conducted investigations and study with regard to such important subject matters as implementing the strategy of national rejuvenation through science and education and sustainable development, the strategy of governing country according to law, and developing S&T, education, the economy and culture, and presented many important proposals to the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, and received great attention from parties concerned. These included the Proposal to Set up Eco-Protection and Resource Development Areas on the Upper Reaches of the Yangtze River, the Proposal to Engage in Rid Poverty and Rejuvenating Economic Construction in Vast Expanse of Poverty-stricken Karst Areas in Southwest China, the Proposal to Protect and Construct Well Yan’an Revolutionary Site, the Proposal to Put in Place a Special Agricultural Construction Fund, the Proposal to Intensify Eco-Protection and Construction at the Source of the Three Major Rivers, the Proposal to Guide College and University Graduates Employment at Grassroots Level, as well as in promoting the transfer of S&T findings into realistic productive forces, eco-protection and the reasonable development and use of resources, introducing industrial management, pushing rural economic development, environmental protection, and personnel strategy in the central and western parts of the country, in western China development, independent technical innovations as well as agriculture, rural and farmer’s income, etc. Geared up to the needs of society, Jiu San Society in nine prefectures provided vigorous support to the economic construction and social development of old revolutionary base areas, border areas, poverty-stricken areas and areas inhabited by ethnic minorities, conducted multi-channel and multi-level liaison work overseas to promote the peaceful unification of the motherland, involving the science and education co-operation areas including Jiu San Society Sichuan provincial committee and Guangyuan city in Sichuan, Jiu San Society Shanxi provincial committee and Linfen city in Shanxi province, and Jiu San Society Inner Mongolian regional committee and Tongliao city in Inner Mongolia. It strove to join the practice of socialist ethical and cultural development, and contributed its share to the enhancement of whole national ideological and ethical qualities and scientific and cultural qualities. In the great cause of building socialism with Chinese characteristics, Jiu San Society unites with and leads its numerous members, under the leadership of the CPC, to display a spirit of enterprising, opening up and innovation and keeping abreast with the times, builds itself into a participating party befitting requirements of the time, and fights tirelessly to achieve China’s magnanimous goal in the new century.
Along with the progress of work, the organization of Jiu San Society also grew enormously. So far, Jiu San Society has set up committees or preparatory committees in 30 provinces, autonomous regions and centrally directed municipalities as well as in 286 cities (counties), except in Taiwan and Tibet. It has a membership of 102,000, and 61.2% of them have senior professional titles. Among Jiu San Society members, there are 104 CPPCC NC members, 70 NPC deputies, 19 deputy chairpersons provincial committees of the CPPCC, four vice chairpersons of the provincial people’s congress standing committees and four vice governors or vice mayors of centrally directed municipalities. Jiu San Society owned 150 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (members of academician committee) and academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. Many of them have made brilliant contributions to the Chinese S&T undertakings. Jiu San Society members Wang Ganchang, Deng Jiaxian, Zhao Jiuzhang, Chen Fangyun and Cheng Kaijia scored the Merit Medals of A and H Bombs and Satellite and Wang Xuan and Huang Kun scored the 2001 National Top Award for S&T Progress.
Journals run by the Jiu San Society Central Committee include Democracy and Science for public circulation at home and abroad and Jiu San Central Committee Information distributed inside the society. It runs a Xueyuan (scholastic) Publishing House and a Xueyuan Audio-Visual Publishing House.