December 9 Movement
On Dec. 9, 1935, a mass protest led by more than 6,000 students in Beiping (present-day Beijing) took place. They demanded the Kuomintang government to suspend the civil war and actively resist the Japanese aggression. Some students even fought with police and soldiers armed with wooden sticks and water pumps. This marked the beginning of the nationwide Anti-Japanese and National Salvation Movement in China.