Chen Tanqiu (Chinese: 陈潭秋) was originally named Cheng, also called Yunxian, born in Huanggang, Hubei Province, on January 4, 1896. In July 1921, he attended the first national congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC). He became responsible for organizing the CPC’s work in Wuhan and participated in the Strike of Beijing-Hankou Railway Workers. In 1935, he went to Moscow to study at the Lenin Institute and participated in the Communist International. In 1939, he returned to China and acted as a representative of the CPC in Xinjiang and director of the Eighth Route Army Xinjiang Office. In September 1942, he was arrested by Xinjiang warlord Sheng Shicai. On September 27, 1943, he was killed secretly in Dihua (today’s Urumqi).