Sheng Junfeng (Chinese: 盛峻峰), better known under his pen name Cao Ying (Chinese: 草婴), was a renowned Chinese literature translator. He had been honored with the Maxim Gorky Literature Prize, a top honor in the Russian literary world, in 1987 and is to date the only Chinese translator to have won that award.
Born in 1923 in east China's Zhejiang Province, Cao Ying is one of the main Chinese translators into Chinese of the works of Russian novelist, best known for his translations of Leo Tolstoy and Mikhail Sholokhov novels. Cao had spent 21 years translating The Complete Works of Leo Tolstoy into Chinese after 1978. Cao Ying's name is regarded by readers as synonymous with Russian literature.
Cao died in Shanghai Huadong Hospital, on October 24, 2015, at the age of 93. A memorial service was held at 3:00 p.m. on Nov. 2, 2015 in Shanghai. Former Chinese premier Wen Jiabao wrote a letter of condolence to Cao Ying's family, describing him as "an outstanding writer and translator in China."