Beginning of the Long March

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Determined to wipe out the Communists and bring all of China under Kuomintang (KMT) rule, KMT leader Chiang Kai-shek surrounded the Jiangxi Soviet, forcing the Communists to abandon their base. On October 10, 1934, the 1st Front Army of the Red Army (Central Red Army) set out from Ruijin and Yudu of Jiangxi Province and Changting and Ninghua of Fujian Province and began the Long March. Approximately 80,000 people took the Long March, of whom 35 were women.