The Asian-African Conference, also known as the Bandung Conference (万隆会议), convened in Bandung, Indonesia, from April 18 to 24, 1955. The conference – sponsored by Indonesia, Burma (now Myanmar), Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), India and Pakistan – was attended by representatives from 29 Asian and African nations.
After two days of plenary sessions, the conference was divided into three committees, namely political, economic and cultural. And they deliberated behind closed door for five days during which they discussed such issues as national sovereignty, racism, nationalism and struggles against colonialism, world peace and economic and cultural cooperation among the participating countries. The leaders at the conference envisioned a world order characterized by independence, peace, justice and common prosperity.
The conference adopted the Declaration on Promotion of World Peace and Cooperation and listed ten principles in handling international relations.
The unity of the Asian and African peoples, opposing imperialism and colonialism, struggle for the defense of national independence and world peace and the promotion of friendship among the peoples as demonstrated at the Conference are known as the “Bandung Spirit.”
China played a prominent part in the conference and strengthened its friendly relations with other nations. The Chinese delegation to the conference was led by the then Premier and Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai. During the Conference, the Chinese delegation advocated the principle of seeking common ground while putting aside difference which not only won the support of overwhelming number of delegates but also laid the ground for the success of the conference.
The 2015 Asian-African Summit and the commemoration of the 60th anniversary of the 1955 Asian-African Conference are taking place in Indonesia April 22 through April 24.