CIIC:Selected anniversaries/November


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<< Selected anniversaries for November
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November 1
Yuan Shikai

1911: The Qing government dissolved the royal cabinet and appointed Yuan Shikai as the prime minister.

1948: Chinese People's Liberation Army issued the "Command on Punishment of War Criminals".

1949: Chinese Academy of Sciences was established.

1958: China and Morocco established diplomatic relations.

1984: China and the United Arab Emirates established diplomatic relations.

1991: China issued a white paper on the human rights situation.


November 2
The infantry of the Northeast People's Liberation Army clears the outskirts of Shenyang, while its war motorcade moves rapidly into the urban areas of the city.

1948: China's Northeast People's Liberation Army captured Shenyang. From then on, the northeast part of China, originally ruled by the Kuomintang, was liberated.

1957: Chairman Mao Zedong led the Chinese delegation by a specially commissioned plane from Beijing to Moscow and attended the 40th anniversary ceremony celebrating the great October Socialist Revolution.

1971: China and Peru established diplomatic relations.

1974: A Chinese ocean-going freighter, "Yanting," arrived at Copenhagen, the Danish capital. This was the first time a freighter manufactured by China was received at a Danish port.

1981: China officially opened the Museum of Patent Literature.

1998: China and the Kingdom of Tonga established diplomatic relations at the ambassadorial level.

1999: The first China Shanghai International Arts Festival opened at the Shanghai Grand Theater.


November 3
Wu Zuoren

1908: Renowned painter Wu Zuoren was born.

1982: Mao Yisheng, Chinese expert on bridge construction and vice chairman of the China Association of Science and Technology, won the title of Foreign Academician, issued by the National Academy of Sciences in the United States.

1987: Yuan Longping was awarded the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Science Prize in recognition of his outstanding contributions in the field of developing hybrid rice.

1987: Famous Chinese litterateur Liang Shiqiu died of illness in Taiwan.


November 4
Sino-American Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation

1903: Huang Xing, Chen Tianhua, Zhang Shizhao, and Song Jiaoren formed the Huaxin Hui (China Revival Society) with the goal of overthrowing the feudal rule of the Qing Dynasty. Huang Xing was elected president of the society.

1913: As part of his plan to restore the monarchy, Yuan Shikai dissolved the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party) and expelled its members from the parliament.

1944: Mao Zedong sent a message congratulating US President Franklin D. Roosevelt on his re-election and expressing his willingness to engage in long-term joint efforts with the president to defeat the Japanese invaders, rebuild world peace and establish a democratic China.

1946: Sino-American Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation was signed in Nanjing.

1997: Kunming Intermediate People's Court became the first in China to order death sentences to be carried out by lethal injection.

1998: The Institute of Computing Technology (ICT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences held a joint press conference with Lenovo Group, at which it was announced that a restructured ICT would become the central academy of the Lenovo Group.


November 5
Chiang Kai-shek

1922: Representatives from the Communist Party of China (CPC) attended the Comintern conference. Chen Duxiu was elected a member of the Comintern Executive Committee.

1937: Chiang Kai-shek turned down Japan's seven peace terms to end the war between the two nations

1960: China launched its first ground-to-ground short-range missile, Dong Feng-1 (DF-1), from Jiuquan base in Gansu Province.

1992: Two promotional planes crashed to an iron pole on the roof of the Huanghe Building when conducting low-altitude flying in Yuanyang City of Henan Province. The accident killed 33 people and injured 46.

1993: The mainland-based Association for Relations across the Taiwan Straits (ARATS) and the Taiwan-based Straits Exchange Foundation (SEF) reached a common understanding on hijacker repatriation in Xiamen, Fujian Province. "The hijackers are criminal offenders…When the aircraft is hijacked to the other side of the Taiwan Straits, the hijackers should be repatriated to the authorities whom the aircraft belongs to." This was the first negotiation on hijacker repatriation across the Straits.


November 6

1970: China established diplomatic relations with Italy.

1972: China established diplomatic relations with Madagascar.

1986: To celebrate the 40th anniversary of UNICEF and to mark International Year of Peace, Beijing held the torch lighting ceremony at Tiananmen Square to launch the Beijing leg of the first global relay.

1988: Two earthquakes occurred in southwest Yunnan Province, killing 722 people and injuring 2,225. A total of 2.5 million people were affected.

1995: Wang Xuan, president of Peking University Founder Research Institute, was awarded the "UNESCO Science Prize."

1998: China's first online university, the School of Multimedia Information Education at Hunan University, opened. More than 1,000 students from 15 places across Hunan Province started their first lessons on the Internet.

2013: half a dozen homemade bombs explode in front of the office building of the Shanxi Provincial Committee of the Communist Party of China on Yingze Street in Taiyuan, killing one person and injuring another eight.


November 7
Mao Zedong

1920: The Communist, a monthly theoretical organ of the Shanghai Communist Group, was secretly published in Shanghai for the first time.

1931: First Congress of the Soviet Republic of China was held in Ruijin, Jiangxi Province.

1949: The Longhai Railway, which runs east to west and connects Lianyungang of Jiangsu Province with Baoji of Shaanxi Province, began operating on November 7, 1949.


November 8
Ni Zhiqin broke the men's world record for jumping.

1937: China's Young Journalists Association was founded on November 8, 1937. It was renamed All-China Journalists Association in the 1950s.

1970: China's jumper Ni Zhiqin (1.84 meters tall and 28 years old) jumped 2.29 meters at the Changsha Laborers' Stadium of Hunan, breaking the men's world record for jumping, which was previously held by Russian jumper Valery Brumel (2.28 meters).

2002: The 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China opened in Beijing.

2012: The 18th CPC National Congress begins in Beijing.


November 9
Deng Xiaoping

1971: China set up diplomatic relations with Lebanon.

1988: The "Mainland Affairs Council of the Executive Yuan" of Taiwan approved compatriots from the mainland to enter the island to console local relatives who are ill or losing family members. But the Taiwan authority banned the visits of CPC members.

1989: Deng Xiaoping's application for resigning from the post of Chairman of the Central Military Commission was approved at the fifth plenary session of the 13th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC).

2000: The Chronological Table of Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasties was officially published.


November 10
Wu Yifang

1924: Dr. Sun Yat-sen released "Statement on My Departure for the North."

1956: The Second Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) opened. The meeting decided to rectify the styles of the Party in the latter half of 1957, in order to uproot subjectivism, sectarianism and bureaucratism.

1985: Wu Yifang, China's first female university president, passed away.

1994: China introduced "Explorer," its first wireless, underwater robot.

2001: The WTO's Fourth Ministerial Conference in Doha, Qatar, approved China's entry into the WTO.


November 11

1949: The headquarters of the Air Force of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) was set up in Beijing, signifying that the Air Force had officially become a branch of the PLA armed services.

1989: The China Aviation Museum opened to the public.

1993: Singles Day, which falls on Nov. 11 – whose date is four ones – started to be celebrated by singles at Nanjing University, Jiangsu Province.

1994: The widest broadband seismograph in the world was developed in China. The JCZ-1 ultra-broadband seismometer, as it was called, is extremely sensitive and able to sense a wide array of scopes, from high-frequency seismic waves to wide frequencies of solid tides.

2009: Alibaba Group, operator of e-commerce platforms Taobao and Tmall, launched Double Eleven Shopping Festival in


November 12
Shortly after the founding of the People's Republic of China, Liu Shaoqi (L) and Mao Zedong inspect a parade on the rostrum of Tiananmen.

1866: Chinese democratic revolution forerunner and first president of the Republic of China Sun Yat-sen was born to a poor family in Xiangshan County, Guangdong province.

1910: Famous Chinese mathematician Hua Luogeng was born.

1939: Norman Bethune died.

1969: Liu Shaoqi, former vice chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and chairman of the People' s Republic of China, died at the age of 71 in Kaifeng, Henan.

1971: China established a diplomatic relationship with Rwanda.

1986: A Chinese scientific expedition arrived at Wusongkou in Shanghai after five months of drifting in the Yangtze River. The exploration covered about 6,000 km. The team finished a total of 16 scientific projects, including an investigation of a source region of the Yangtze River, as well as the environmental protection and productive exploitation of the upper areas along the river.


November 13
Members of the Southern Society pose for a commemorative group photo.

1909: The Southern Society, the first revolutionary literary organization, was established at Huqiu of Suzhou City in the 20th century.

1975: China set up diplomatic relations with Comoros.

1990: China's Tangshan City won the Habitat Award issued by the United Nations for its unique achievement in its after-quake construction. The city experienced a severe earthquake in 1976.

1995: A ship sunk in the Jiangjin branch of the Yangtze River in Sichuan Province. More than 70 people fell into the river, and only 32 were rescued following the incident.

1997: An explosion rocked the Pansan mine of the Huainan Mine Bureau in Anhui Province. The accident claimed 89 lives.


November 14
The Emperor Guangxu passed away.

1860: China-Russia Treaty of Peking was signed.

1908: The Emperor Guangxu passed away.

1989: The Beijing Legend Computer Group (now called Lenovo) was established with commitment to promote and develop computer products.

1998: At a meeting of the Standing Committee of the 9th National People's Congress, the Organic Law on Villagers Committees was passed, which laid out a clear stipulation for the direct election of village officials.


November 15
Empress Dowager Cixi

1908: Empress Dowager Cixi died.

1992: Hong Kong stuntman Ko Shou-liang flew over the Jinshanling Great Wall on his motorcycle.

1994: A nightclub named Yindu in Jilin City in northeast China's Jilin Province, caught fire, burning down the city's library and a neighboring museum in the process. More than 6,800 sq.m of the museum building was burned. The fire also destroyed a 70-million-year-old dinosaur fossil collected in the museum.

1999: China's Minister of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation Shi Guangsheng and US Trade Representative Charlene Barshefsky, respectively representing their two governments, signed the bilateral agreement on China's accession to the World Trade Organization in Beijing, which marked a great step forward and the successful conclusion of bilateral negotiations on China's accession to the WTO.


November 16
Guo Moruo

1892: Guo Moruo was born.

1972: China established diplomatic relations with Luxemburg.


November 17
Zheng Fengrong broke the women's high jump world record.

1019: Birthday of northern Song Dynasty historian Sima Guang

1843: According to the Treaty of Nanjing, Shanghai was opened as a trade port. From then on, Sino-foreign trade gradually moved from Guangzhou to Shanghai. Shanghai became the trade center between China and foreign countries.

1957: Zheng Fengrong broke the women's high jump world record.

1989: The first MiNi supercomputer NS1000, co-developed by the Beijing Communication Corporation and computer department of Peking University (now merged into the School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science of Peking University), came out.

1992: Famous Chinese writer Lu Yao died.

2001: Zhongguancun Science City was co-developed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Beijing city government.


November 18
Fei Xiaotong

1899: Outstanding leader of workers' movement Li Lisan was born.

1958: The construction of Haihe Dam was finally completed.

1981: Fei Xiaotong won the Huxley Memorial Medal.

1998: China Insurance Regulatory Commission was set up.

2001: The Chinese Medical Association announced that Chinese scientists had successfully cultured stem cells into gastric and duodenal mucosa externally, which signified new possibilities in recuperating from injured gastric and duodenal mucosa. This was another breakthrough for humankind in the field of the recreation of human organs, after in situ culturing of stem cells for skin regeneration.


November 19
Zhou Enlai exposes a conspiracy of civil war launched by the Kuomintang.

1931: Chinese poet Xu Zhimo died in a plane crash.

1946: A delegation of the Communist Party of China came back to Yan'an.

1991: Female Chinese American physicist Wu Jianxiong (Chien-Shiung Wu) won the Pupin Medal.


November 20
Xiangyanghong 10, a Chinese expedition vessel, docks at a harbor on King George Island.

1937: The national government announced Chongqing as the provisional capital.

1952: National meeting on the work of women opened.

1984: China's first journey to Antarctic set sail.

1988: The People's Republic of China and the State of Palestine established formal diplomatic relations.

1999: China's first manned spacecraft test flight succeeded.


November 21
The evening bell at Nanping Hill is one of the "Top Ten Scenic Spots of West Lake."

1910: Scholar and writer Qian Zhongshu was born.

1927: Hailufeng Soviet regime of workers and peasants was established.

1986: Evening bell at Nanping hill rung again.

2002: Sequence of rice chromosome 4 finished by China. The Ministry of Science and Technology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Shanghai municipal government jointly announced that China had completed the sequencing of rice chromosome 4.


November 22

1850: Lin Zexu, outstanding patriot of the late Qing Dynasty, died.

1943: Leaders from China, Britain and United States attended the Cairo Conference.

2001: China issued the National Youth Network Civilization Convention.

2013: A leaky pipeline caught fire and exploded in east China's coastal city of Qingdao, leaving 55 people dead, 136 hospitalized and nine still missing.


November 23

1920: Chen Duxiu drafted China's Communist Manifesto.

1936: "Seven Gentlemen" imprisoned.

1949: China and Albania established diplomatic relations.

2009: Renowned translator Yang Xianyi passed away.

2013: China established its first air defense identification zone over the East China Sea.


November 24
Zhou Peiyuan

1898: Birthday of Liu Shaoqi, former vice chairman of the Central Committee of CPC and chairman of China.

1949: China's national tax system was established.

1970: China and Ethiopia established diplomatic relations.

1976: The foundation was laid for the Memorial Hall of Chairman Mao in Beijing.

1988: The Qianlong Edition of the Tripitaka Sutra, an ancient classic carved on the biggest writing blocks in the world, was printed.

1992: A passenger plane of China Southern Airlines crashed in Yangshuo of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, killing 141.

1993: Scientist Zhou Peiyuan passed away.

1999: "Dashun," a ship from the Shandong Yanda Steamship and Ferry Corporation, capsized en route from Yantai, Shangdong Province, to Dalian, Liaoning Province, killing 282 people on board.


November 25

1904: Birthday of writer Ba Jin.

1926: Physicist Li Zhengdao was born.

1979: "Bohai No. 2", a drilling ship, capsized in Bohai Bay, killing 72 people and leading to direct economic losses of 37 million yuan.

1986: The Yangtze River Exploration Team completed a five-month scientific exploration.

2013: China successfully launched Experiment-5 satellite, which will conduct technological experiments and environmental surveys.


November 26
Feng Youlan

1902: Birthday of Marshal Luo Ronghuan.

1981: The Fifth Session of the Fifth National People's Congress (NPC) opened in Beijing. The meeting adopted the fourth edition of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China and approved the sixth Five-Year Plan (1981-1985).

1990: The Shanghai Stock Exchange opened.

1990: Philosopher Feng Youlan passed away.

2001: China Mobile announced that it had 100 million subscribers, therefore becoming the world's biggest mobile network operator.


November 27

1899: Birthday of General Dong Qiwu.

1927: The first music school was established in China.

1940: Bruce Lee was born in San Francisco.

1958: China's first seafaring vessel was launched.

1988: China's famous philosopher Du Renzhi died.

1994: A catastrophic fire raged in Fuxin City, killing 233 people.

2013: A gasoline leak near the Kunming-Shanghai railway line stranded about 8,000 people at Kunming Railway station.


November 28

819: Writer and philosopher Liu Zongyuan died.

1935: The CPC issued "The Proclamation of Resistance Against Japan and Saving the Motherland."

1990: China registered its own top-level domain - CN.

2009: Chinese scholar Wang Shixiang passed away.

2013: The Liaoning, China's first aircraft carrier, passed through the Taiwan Strait on a mission to test its crew and technical capabilities.


November 29
Hou Baolin (L) showcases his talent for comedy.

1917: Xiangsheng master Hou Baolin's birthday

1927: Wu Changshuo passed away.

1974: Marshal Peng Dehuai passed away.

1995: The State Council confirmed the reincarnation of the Grand Living Buddha, Gyantsen Norpo, as the 11th Panchen Lama.

1998: The International University Sports Federation executive committee plenary session, announced Beijing as the host of 2001 World University Games.


November 30
Tao Zhu

1949: Chongqing was liberated.

1969: Chinese proletarian revolutionist Tao Zhu passed away.

1993: Chinese Association of STD & AIDS Prevention and Control (CASPC) was founded.

2016: The 24 Solar Terms was included in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists.


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