Two-child policy (二孩政策), a new population policy of China, allows all couples to have two children, ending the one-child policy that has been in place for more than three decades.
The two-child policy was ratified at the annual session of China's top legislature in March, 2016.
China introduced its family planning policy in the late 1970s to rein in population growth by limiting most urban couples to one child and most rural couples to two, allowing the birth of a second child if the first child was a girl.
A major policy change in November 2013 allowed couples nationwide to have a second child if either parent is an only child. Since then, about 1.45 million Chinese couples, or 13 percent of those eligible, have submitted applications for a second child as of the end of May, according to the National Health and Family Planning Commission.
On October 29, 2015, the Communist Party of China Central Committee announced the scrapping of the current one-child policy in a proposal in order to balance population growth and offset the burden of an aging population.