CIIC:Today's featured article/May 2017

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May 1
Ancient Tea-Horse Road

Ancient Tea-Horse Road (茶马古道)

For thousands of years, there was an ancient road treaded by human feet and horse hoofs in the mountains of Southwest China, bridging the Chinese hinterland and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Along the unpaved and often rugged road, tea, salt and sugar flowed into Tibet, while horses, cows, furs, musk and other local products came out. The ancient commercial passage, dubbed the "Ancient Tea-Horse Road", first appeared during the Tang Dynasty (618-907), and lasted until the 1960s when Tibetan highways were constructed. Meanwhile, the road also promoted exchanges in culture, religion and ethnic migration, resembling the refulgence of the Silk Road. (More...)
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May 2
Longmen Grottoes

The Longmen Grottoes, located near Luoyang, Henan Province, are a treasure house of ancient Buddhist cave art. The grottos were hewed and carved during the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534), when the rulers relocated their capital at Luoyang near the end of the 5th century. At that time Buddhism was spreading east into China and was venerated by the imperial court. The Buddhists adopted the practice of carving rock temples, dedicated to the Buddha. (More...)
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May 3
the martial arts

Wushu is also known as "guoshu," "martial arts" or "kung fu." It is a sport encompassing combat techniques for attack and defense involving the use of bare hands and weaponry. It includes movements and skills in the form of routines and combat to strengthen the body, develop will and determination, and develop combat skills. Wushu has a long history and broad foundation among the people in China. It is part of the fine cultural heritage in China. (More...)
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May 4
The front gate of Guiyuan Zen Temple, Hubei

A famous Zen shrine at the foot of Cuiwei Peak in Hanyang, the Guiyuan Zen Temple (归元禅寺) was built in 1658 during the reign period of the Qing Emperor Shunzhi. It is a five-courtyard compound covering an area of two hectares, laying out in the shape of monk's robe. (More...)
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May 5
Feng Zikai

Feng Zikai (丰子恺) (Nov. 9, 1898-Sep. 15, 1975) was a renowned Chinese literati best-known for his modern Chinese paintings, essays, music, cartoons and translations. (More...)
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May 6
Calabash Brothers

The "Calabash Brothers" (Chinese:葫芦娃) is an animated TV series created by Shanghai Animation Film Studio. It won wide acclaim among audiences after its first release in 1986. It was considered as successful as the award-winning animated film "Havoc in Heaven" (Chinese: 大闹天宫) in the 1960s, which was adapted from the Chinese Classic "Journey to the West" (Chinese: 西游记). Although some attributed the "Calabash Brothers" success to the downturn of China’s animation industry in 1980s, the popularity of the villain-fighting cartoon seldom wanes among children even today. (More...)
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May 7
Blang ethnic group
The Blang people, numbering 91,882, live mainly in Mt. Blang, Xiding and Bada areas of Menghai County in the Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture in southwestern Yunnan Province. There are also scattered Blang communities in the neighboring Lincang and Simao prefectures. All the Blangs inhabit mountainous areas 1,500-2,000 meters above sea level. The Blangs in Xishuangbanna have always lived harmoniously with their neighbors of both the other minority ethnic groups and the majority Han. (More...)

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May 8
Lu'an Guapian tea

Lu'an Guapian (六安瓜片), or Lu'an Melon Seed Tea, is a green tea from Lu'an, Anhui Province. It is named for its tightly rolled seed-like processed leaves, which are flat and resemble a melon seed. The brightly colored Lu'an Guapian has a particularly smooth taste and sweet aroma. Lu'an Guapian is unique, as it contains tea leaves without buds and stems. (More...)
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May 9
The Peony Pavilion

The Peony Pavilion (牡丹亭), written in 1598, has long been considered the greatest Kunqu opera of all time. Its author was Tang Xianzu, who lived from 1550 to 1617. A native of Jiangxi Province, Tang was widely recognized as a man of immense learning, yet he failed to thrive as a government official. Exile, demotion and poverty marked his official career, but he left behind five Kunqu operas, among them The Peony Pavilion. (More...)
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May 10
Naxi ancient music performance at Lijiang

Ancient Naxi music (纳西古乐) is also known as the Music of Daoist Classics, a precious piece of cultural heritage. (More...)
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May 11
Yongle Encyclopedia

Yongle Encyclopedia (Chinese:永乐大典), China’s largest encyclopedia, covers a variety of subjects, including literature, art, medicine and agriculture.

The compilation began in 1403 and was first completed in 1404. Originally named Document Compilation (Wenxian Dacheng), it was disapproved by Emperor Zhu Di (1360-1424), due to lack of content. One of the emperors of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) then ordered more scholars to write the encyclopedia, which was finished in 1408 with 22,900 chapters and 11,095 volumes. The set of books was named the Yongle Encyclopedia. (More...)
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May 12

China's Zhusuan (珠算) is the knowledge and practice of arithmetic calculation using an abacus, with a history of over 1800 years. The Chinese invention is considered as the world's most ancient computer. (More...)
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May 13
Ancient Tea-Horse Road

Ancient Tea-Horse Road (茶马古道)

For thousands of years, there was an ancient road treaded by human feet and horse hoofs in the mountains of Southwest China, bridging the Chinese hinterland and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Along the unpaved and often rugged road, tea, salt and sugar flowed into Tibet, while horses, cows, furs, musk and other local products came out. The ancient commercial passage, dubbed the "Ancient Tea-Horse Road", first appeared during the Tang Dynasty (618-907), and lasted until the 1960s when Tibetan highways were constructed. Meanwhile, the road also promoted exchanges in culture, religion and ethnic migration, resembling the refulgence of the Silk Road. (More...)
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May 14
The mother of Mencius

Chang-shih, the mother of Mencius (孟母) is regarded as one of the great mothers in China’s history because of her influence on her son, who became one of China’s most distinguished philosophers and Confucian scholars. (More...)
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May 15
The Belt and Road Initiative

The Belt and Road Initiative (一带一路) is used to refer to the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road.

The Silk Road Economic Belt concept was introduced by Chinese President Xi Jinping during his visit to Kazakhstan in September 2013. It is slated to boost cooperation along the ancient Silk Road trade route that stretches northwest from China's coastal area through Central Asia, the Middle East and on to Europe. (More...)
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May 16

Located in the center of Beijing, the Palace Museum (故宫博物院), historically and artistically one of the most comprehensive museum in China, was established on the basis of the Forbidden City, a palace of the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1840), and their collection of treasures. (More...)
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May 17
Lin Dan, Chinese badminton player.

Lin Dan (林丹) is a top player of the Chinese national badminton team. He won the men's singles title at the 2012 London Olympic Games. He is considered to be the greatest badminton player of all time. (More...)
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May 18
Representatives of prospective founders of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) prepare to attend the signing ceremony of the articles of agreement of AIIB in Beijing, capital of China, June 29, 2015.

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB 亚洲基础设施投资银行) is an international financial institution proposed by China. Aiming to support infrastructure projects in Asia, the AIIB is open to all economies. The bank had 57 prospective founding members in total, with the rest of the seven countries waiting for domestic approval. The March 31, 2015 is the deadline for countries to apply to become AIIB founding members. After that, countries and regions will still be able to join, but only as common members. (More...)
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May 19
China's Rail High-Speed train

China Railway High-Speed (CRH 中国高铁) is a high-speed rail system operated by China Railways. Trains running on this system, named CRH 1, 2, 3 and 5, also known as the bullet train or the D Train, were produced based on imported models and technology and given the designation "Harmony." (More...)
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May 20
Zhang Daqian

Zhang Daqian (张大千) was one of the most legendary and prestigious artists in 20th century China. A follower and developer of traditional Chinese arts, Zhang was a master in Chinese painting and highly skilled in calligraphy, seal cutting and classical poetry. (More...)
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May 21
Xiaoman

Xiaoman (小满) reflects a phenological phenomenon, referring to the fact that the grains of some summer-ripe crops like wheat get full before they are completely ripe. It's also the right season for rice transplanting. (More...)
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May 22
Items displayed at Capital Museum

The refurbished and relocated Capital Museum is now China's second largest, dwarfed only by the National Museum (which is being reconstructed and closed until 2010). With its striking modern architecture and impressive variety of exhibits, the museum has staked its claim as the best museum in Beijing. Well captioned displays are offset with informative introductions that, thankfully, don't assume everyone if an experts on Chinese history and culture. (More...)
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May 23
Jiaolong, the manned submersible.

The Jiaolong (蛟龙), named after a mythical sea dragon, is China's first manned submersible designed to reach a depth of 7,000 meters below sea level. The Ministry of Science and Technology began researching and developing the project in 2002, with the intention of promoting China's deep sea exploration and operation technology. (More...)
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May 24
Wang Guowei

Wang Guowei (王国维 Dec.3 1877-Jun.2 1927) was a Chinese scholar, writer and poet. A versatile and original scholar, he made important contributions to the studies of ancient history, epigraphy, philology, vernacular literature and literary theory in his academic career. (More...)
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May 25
hutong

A hutong (胡同) is an old city alley or lane, and the hutongs of Beijing are one of its most distinctive features. The capital city is home to thousands of hutongs, many of which were built in the area surrounding the Forbidden City during the Yuan (1279 - 1368), Ming (1368 - 1644) and Qing (1644 - 1911) dynasties. (More...)
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May 26
Xidi Village

Xidi Village (Chinese:西递村) is located in the southeastern part of Yixian County, Anhui Province and has over 300 simple, yet graceful, Ming and Qing dynasty residences, of which 124 are well preserved. (More...)
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May 27
Hani Rice Terraces

Hani Rice Terraces (哈尼梯田) is a water-filled rice paddy field in Yuanyang County in Honghe Prefecture, Yunnan Province. (More...)
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May 28
The dragon boat racing

A dragon boat (龙舟) is a human-powered watercraft traditionally made in China.

Dragon is the symbol of the Chinese nation. As early as during the Spring and Autumn and the Warring States periods (770-221 BC), people began to paint dragon heads, scales and tails on wooden boats. This was the earliest form of a dragon boat. (More...)
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May 29
The portrait of Qu Yuan

Qu Yuan (屈原 c. 340-277 BC) was a Chinese poet who lived during the Warring States Period in ancient times. He is famous for his contributions to the poetry collection known as the Chu Ci, or The Poetry of Chu. (More...)
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May 30
The dragon boat racing

The Duanwu Festival (端午节), falls on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month (usually in June according to the Gregorian Calendar). It is also called the Dragon Boat Festival. It has had a history of more than 2,000 years. (More...)
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May 31
Zongzi 粽子

Zongzi (Chinese: 粽子) is a traditional Chinese food made of glutinous rice, stuffed with different fillings and wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves. The food is popular during May 5 in the Chinese lunar calendar, early June according to the Gregorian calendar. It can be cooked by steaming or boiling. In Western countries, they are also known as Chinese rice dumplings. (More...)
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