CIIC:Today's featured article/January 2018


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January 1
Qi Baishi

On September 16, 1957, Qi Baishi (齐白石), president of the Association of Chinese Artists, was one of China's most famous 20th century painters. He was awarded the "International Peace Award" in 1955. (More...)

January 2
Twelve Chinese zodiac signs.

The Shēngxiào (Chinese: 生肖), better known in English as the Chinese Zodiac, is a scheme that relates each year to an animal and its reputed attributes, according to a 12-year mathematical cycle. It has wide currency in several East Asian countries such as China and Korea and Japan. (More...)

January 3
Harbin International Ice and Snow Festival

The Harbin International Ice and Snow Festival (哈尔滨国际冰雪节) is held annually from January 5 and lasts for more than one month. Starting in 1985, it has become one of the world's four major ice and snow festivals. (More...)

January 4
Three Pagodas of Dali

The world-renowned Three Pagodas of Dali (大理三塔) stand on Cangshan Mountain overlooking Erhai Lake, and right in front of the former Congsheng Temple. They have been collectively listed as a key cultural relic preservation site by the State Council. (More...)

January 5

Xiaohan (小寒) is one of 24 traditional Chinese solar terms, reflecting the changing of four seasons. (More...)

January 6
Li Hongzhang

Li Hongzhang (Chinese: 李鸿章), a leading statesman of the late Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), was born in Hefei, Anhui Province. A prominent but controversial figure in the late Qing Dynasty, Li was an entrepreneur and diplomat who played an instrumental role in the Westernization Movement and joined in numerous negotiations with foreign countries. His reputation was tainted when his non-resistance policies humiliated China in the unfair treaties. (More...)

January 7
Zhou Enlai

Zhou Enlai (周恩来 1898-1976), former Chinese premier and Chairman of the Second, Third and Fourth National Committees of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC). (More...)

January 8
Hou Yunde

Hou Yunde (侯云德) is a Chinese virologist. He won China's top science award for his contribution in antiviral research on Jan. 8, 2018. (More...)

January 9
Wang Zeshan

Wang Zeshan (王泽山) is a Chinese explosives expert and winner of China's top science award, also known as China's Alfred Nobel for his contributions to the study of gunpowder, one of ancient China's four era-defining inventions. (More...)

January 10
Shenzhou 1 spaceship

"Shenzhou" (神舟), China's first manned experimental spacecraft, launched from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center at 6:30 a.m. Beijing time on Nov. 20, 1999. After the scheduled in-space tests were finished, the spacecraft successfully landed in the central Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region at 3:41 a.m. the next day. The success of the Shenzhou spacecraft constituted a crucial step in reaching the next level in space technology. (More...)

January 11
Tsangyang Gyatso

Tsangyang Gyatso (March 1, 1683 – Nov. 15, 1706) was the sixth Dalai Lama. He was a rebellious Buddhist icon who wrote romantic poems about Buddhism and love that are still popular today. They have been quoted in novels, other poems and movies. Two of his love poems became particularly popular after the release of the comedy If You Are the One 2 in December 2010, whose theme song borrows lines from his poem Better Not to Meet. (More...)

January 12
Peking Opera 京剧

While they may differ only slightly in costume and makeup, all traditional opera forms, including Peking opera (京剧), are, strictly speaking, "regional," in that each is based on the music and dialect of a specific area. (More...)

January 13

Open-air fitness dancing (Chinese: 广场舞; pinyin: guangchangwu), also known as Chinese fitness, is a form of spontaneous communal dancing, taking place in parks or public squares, to keep fit. (More...)

January 14
Antarctic Zhongshan Station

Equipped with a power and water supply house, a meteorology house and several special observation huts for different scientific programs, the Antarctic Zhongshan Station can accommodate 60 scientists in the summer and 25 in the winter. (More...)

January 15
Shennongjia Nature Reserve

The Shennongjia Scenic Area, considered as a wildlife treasure with high plant diversity, was put on the prestigious World Heritage List as a natural site at the 40th session of the World Heritage Committee in Istanbul on July 17, 2016. (More...)

January 16
Representatives of prospective founders of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) prepare to attend the signing ceremony of the articles of agreement of AIIB in Beijing, capital of China, June 29, 2015.

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB 亚洲基础设施投资银行) is an international financial institution proposed by China. Aiming to support infrastructure projects in Asia, the AIIB is open to all economies. The bank had 57 prospective founding members in total, with the rest of the seven countries waiting for domestic approval. The March 31, 2015 is the deadline for countries to apply to become AIIB founding members. After that, countries and regions will still be able to join, but only as common members. (More...)

January 17

Confucius was the first to advocate moral education. Politically, he advocated the practice of the “rites of the Zhou Dynasty,” and in education he urged the re-adoption of the “six arts” formed in the heyday of the Western Zhou Dynasty. However, his “resumption of the Zhou rites” was by no means a simple retrogression to the Western Zhou period, but was intended as part of a reform needed by his own time. His fundamental idea of reform in education was to attain the goal of “recommending outstanding talents” by way of introducing “the best students to officialdom.” By “outstanding” and “best” he meant those who had perfected their morality, those who were truly benevolent or virtuous. Moral education was therefore given prime importance in his teaching. He devoted almost all his life to systematically editing and revising Shi (The Book of Songs), Shu (The Book of History), Li (The Book of Rites), Yue (The Book of Music), Yi (The Book of Changes), and Chun qiu (Spring and Autumn Annals), and compiling them into teaching materials known as the Six Classics. (More...)

January 18
The tomb of the king of Western Xia, Ningxia

On a vast expanse of desert at the foot of Helan Mountains stand a group of tower-like earthen platforms, which have been identified as a burial ground, with at least nine royal tombs and over 250 subordinate tombs of the Western Xia Dynasty, a regime that ruled the Ningxia-Gansu area concurrent to the rule by Song court of the China Central Plains. They are known as "Pyramids in the East." (More...)

January 19
Zhu Jinming (朱今明)

Zhu Jinming (朱今明) (August 1915-June 1989), is one of China's most famous cinematographers and directors, and is most well-known for his The Spring River Flows East, Lights of Ten Thousand Homes and Winter of Three Hairs. (More...)

January 20

Dahan (大寒) is one of 24 traditional Chinese solar terms, reflecting the changing of four seasons. It falls between Jan. 20-22 and most parts of China have entered the depth of winter. (More...)

January 21
Lancang River

The Lancang River (澜沧江) is the longest river flowing from north to south in China. It takes its source from the Zhaqu of the Guangguori Peak of Tanggula Mountain Range in Qinghai Province, China. It is called the Lancang River after it reaches Changdu. (More...)

January 22
Mohe County
Situated at the northern foot of Greater Khingan Mountain, on the southern bank of the upper reach of the Heilongjiang River, Mohe County enjoys the highest latitude in China.(geographical coordinate being 52°10′to 53°33′N, and 121°07′to 124°20′E.) (More...)


January 23
The microblog, or weibo

The microblog, or weibo (微博), is a close equivalent to Twitter in China. Weibo sounds like scarf (围脖) in Chinese and to write a microblog is usually dubbed as knitting a scarf. (More...)

January 24
Traditional Laba porrige in the festival.

The Laba Festival (腊八节) is a traditional Chinese holiday celebrated on the eighth day of the twelfth month of the lunar Chinese calendar. Laba porridge is the most popular meal in the festival. (More...)

January 25
the wearable computer

The wearable computer (穿戴式计算机), consisting of miniature electronic devices the size of watch parts, is easy to bring with you any place, any time. (More...)

January 26
Lahu ethnic group

The Lahus ethnic minority has a population of 453,705, mainly distributed in the Lancang Lahu Autonomous County in Simao Prefecture, Southern Lincang Prefecture and Menghai County in western Xishuangbanna in Yunnan Province. Others live in counties along the Lancang River. (More...)

January 27
Icebreaker Snow Dragon

Xuelong, or Snow Dragon (Chinese: 雪龙) is China's first icebreaker and was built in Ukraine in 1993. China spent 31 million yuan (US$3.7 million) to convert it into a transport ship for Antarctic expeditions. It replaced Jidi in 1994 and has remained in service ever since. (More...)

January 28
Water Cube, the National Aquatics Center

The National Aquatics Center, a major venue for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, also called the Water Cube (水立方), was completed on the morning of January 28, 2009. (More...)

January 29
Teresa Teng (邓丽君)

Teresa Teng (January 29, 1953-May 8, 1995) (Chinese: 邓丽君) is an unforgettable pop icon noted for her distinctive sweet voice and unparalleled singing skills. Originally from Taiwan, Teng was widely acclaimed throughout East Asia including Korea, Japan and Malaysia, in addition to the Chinese mainland. (More...)

January 30
Bird-head spoon

The site of Sanxingdui, located in the city of Guanghan, 40 km from Chengdu, Sichuan Province, is recognized as one of the most important ancient remains in the world for its vast size, lengthy period and enriched cultural contents. (More...)

January 31

Migrant workers (农民工) refer to rural laborers working in cities. China has more than 120 million migrant workers and the figure is likely to reach 300 million by 2020. At least one-third of them are women aged between 17 and 25. (More...)

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