CIIC:Today's featured article/January 2017

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January 1
Harbin International Ice and Snow Festival

The Harbin International Ice and Snow Festival (哈尔滨国际冰雪节) is held annually from January 5 and lasts for more than one month. Starting in 1985, it has become one of the world's four major ice and snow festivals. (More...)
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January 2
the childhood memory of post-80s

Post-80s: This phrase refers to the group of people, about 240 million, who were born between 1980 and 1989 on the Chinese mainland. Because of the country’s one-child policy, many of the post-80s are the only child in the family. Growing up with indulgent parents and grandparents, the post-80s are often called “little emperors” at home. (More...)
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January 3

Yao Ming (Chinese: 姚明) was a professional basketball player who played for the Houston Rockets of the National Basketball Association (NBA). He had been the tallest player in the NBA, at 2.29 m (7 ft 6 in) before he announced his retirement in July, 2011. He is now a full-time student in Shanghai Jiao Tong University. He is a member of the 12th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, China's top political advisory body. (More...)
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January 4
The Grand Canal in Hangzhou

The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal (京杭大运河) has served as a major south-north transport artery since it was completed in the 13th century during the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). The oldest parts of the canal date back to the 5th century BC, although the various sections were finally combined into one during the Sui Dynasty (581–618). The canal has experienced numerous expansions and restorations throughout the history. (More...)
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January 5
Traditional Laba porrige in the festival.

The Laba Festival (腊八节) is a traditional Chinese holiday celebrated on the eighth day of the twelfth month of the lunar Chinese calendar. Laba porridge is the most popular meal in the festival. (More...)
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January 6
Confucius, philosopher in Chinese history.

Confucius (孔子 551-479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history. The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. (More...)
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January 7

Avian influenza (禽流感), or bird flu for short, is an infectious disease affecting birds including domestic poultry and wild fowl.

It is caused by a Type A influenza virus. Birds affected by the virus will exhibit either mild or severe symptoms. In mild cases the respiratory tract and alimentary canal are affected and the mortality rate is low. In severe cases symptoms are more general and include hemorrhaging and septicemia with high mortality rates. This difference in symptoms is largely determined by the virulence of different strains of the avian influenza virus. (More...)
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January 8
One-child policy

One-child policy (独生子女政策) is China's population control policy which restricts couples to only one child with exceptions in several cases.

On September 25, 1980, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued an open letter to Party members and Youth League members, calling on them to set an example in the promotion of a one-child policy. The policy aimed to keep the Chinese population under 1.2 billion by the end of the 20th century. (More...)
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January 9
Liang Sicheng and his wife Lin Huiyin

Liang Sicheng (Chinese:梁思成) was a Chinese architect. He worked with the China Construction Society, the first academic organization devoted to the study of traditional architecture. In 1946, he set up the Department of Architecture of Tsinghua University, where he served as professor and dean of the department until his death. (More...)
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January 10
Black-heoded gulls flying over Dianchi Lake, Kunming, Yunnan

Located in the southwest of Kunming, Dianchi Lake covers an area of 294 sq km and has an average depth of 4.4 m. It is the largest lake in Yunnan Province and the sixth largest freshwater lake in China. ( More...)
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January 11

The Liaoning (辽宁舰) is China's first aircraft carrier. It was delivered and commissioned to the Navy of the Chinese People's Liberation Army at a ceremony held in Dalian Port, Liaoning Province, on Sept. 25, 2012. (More...)
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January 12
Kung Pao chicken, a typical dish in Sichuan cuisine.

People immediately think of Sichuan food as being hot, sour, sweet, and salty; using fish sauce; or having a strange taste. Actually, these flavors were introduced only in the last 100 years, and initially were popular only in the lower strata of society. Hot pepper, an important flavoring in Sichuan cuisine, was introduced into China only 200 to 300 years ago. (More...)
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January 13

Chunyun (春运) is a period of travel rush in China during the Spring Festival, which usually begins 15 days before the Chinese Lunar New Year's Day and lasts for around 40 days. The extremely high traffic load is an annual test on China's transportation systems. (More...)
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January 14
The Household Registration System in China.

The hukou (户口) system, or Household Registration System, is a system of residence permits unique to China, dating back over 2,000 years. It identifies a person as a resident of a particular area of the country and includes basic information such as date of birth and marital status. (More...)
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January 15
Shuttlecock

Shuttlecock (毽子) is a folk sport with national characteristics among the Chinese people. According to historical records and archaeological relics which have been unearthed, shuttlecock kicking originated in the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220), and began to become popular in the Tang Dynasty (618-907). Shops making and selling shuttlecocks were found at the fairs. In the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), there were formal shuttlecock kicking competitions. The sport reached its peak in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), and the making and kicking techniques became more sophisticated. A grand shuttle kicking demonstration was held outside Di'anmen in Beijing in 1912, and a shuttlecock kicking organization was set up. (More...)
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January 16
Eileen Chang

Eileen Chang (张爱玲) is one of the noted Chinese writers of the 20th century. Her novels mostly focus on the love and tension between men and women. Her sharp observations on the bourgeois life in Shanghai and Hong Kong made her works popular among urban readers. (More...)
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January 17
Tan Kah Kee

Tan Kah Kee Award (陈嘉庚科学奖), dubbed the Chinese Nobel Prize, was named after Tan Kah Kee (1874-1961), a well-known Philanthropist and outstanding overseas Chinese leader in Southeast Asia who contributed remarkably to the development of science and education in China. The Tan Kah Kee Award was first set up by Tan’s relatives, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences was entrusted for its organization and evaluation. (More...)
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January 18
As an important part of the traditional art of Heilongjiang paper-cuts, Hailun paper-cuts (海伦剪纸) embrace the different styles of the northern and southern schools, vigorous but still exquisite, rough but still graceful. Its works, originally characterized by its folk style, are now developing more thematic and systematic. (More...)

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January 19
Zhoukoudian
Zhoukoudian (周口店), located in 50 kilometers to the southwest of Beijing proper, is the former residence of Peking man, who lived here approximately 200,000 to 500,000 years ago. Since the discovery of a complete skull on December 2, 1929, Zhoukoudian, which had more recently been noted for its production of lime, became world-famous as the "home of the Chinese ape-man". After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, the number of sightseers and scientists increased rapidly, and Zhoukoudian has become a great tourist attraction. (More...)

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January 20

Little New Year (小年), which falls about a week before the lunar New Year, is also known as the Festival of the Kitchen God, the deity who oversees the moral character of each household. In one of the most distinctive traditions of Spring Festival, a paper image of the Kitchen God is burned on Little New Year, dispatching the god's spirit to Heaven to report on the family's conduct over the past year. The Kitchen God is then welcomed back by pasting a new paper image of him beside the stove. From this vantage point, the Kitchen God will oversee and protect the household for another year. The close association of the Kitchen God with the Lunar New Year has resulted in Kitchen God Festival being called Little New Year. Although very few families still make offerings to the Kitchen God on this day, many traditional holiday activities are still very popular. (More...)
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January 21
Chinese Zodiac

The Shēngxiào (Chinese: 生肖), better known in English as the Chinese Zodiac, is a scheme that relates each year to an animal and its reputed attributes, according to a 12-year mathematical cycle. (More...)
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January 22

Migrant workers (农民工) refer to rural laborers working in cities. China has more than 120 million migrant workers and the figure is likely to reach 300 million by 2020. At least one-third of them are women aged between 17 and 25. (More...)
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January 23
Face-changing

Face changing (变脸) is a unique stunt incorporated in Sichuan Opera that is used to express the changing emotions of characters.(More...)
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January 24

New Year pictures (年画), as their name implies, are made especially to celebrate the Lunar New Year holiday. (More...)
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January 25

The annual Spring Festival Gala (春节联欢晚会) hosted by China Central Television has become an important part of the Chinese Lunar New Year celebration since 1983, when it was first televised live at home and abroad.  (More...)
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January 26

Pasting Spring Festival couplets (春联) on gateposts or door panels is an old tradition in China. People like to give expression to their feelings of life's renewal and the return of spring. (More...)
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January 27

Lunar New Year's Eve (除夕), the last day of the old year, is one of China's most important traditional holidays. Homes are spotless inside and out, doors and windows are decorated with brand new Spring Festival couplets, New Year's pictures, hangings, and images of the Door God, and everyone dresses up in new holiday clothes that are decorated with lucky patterns and auspicious colors. (More...)
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January 28

Spring Festival (春节) is the most important traditional Chinese holiday celebrated on the first day of the year of the Chinese calendar. It falls on Jan. 28 this year. (More...)
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January 29
Baiyunguan Temple Fair in Beijing

Temple fairs (庙会) are very popular in the Spring Festival period. Most temple fairs feature folk performances like lion dancing, local operas and various local delicacies. (More...)
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January 30
Hongbao, a Chinese New Year gift to kids.

Ya Sui Qian (压岁钱) means money given to children as a Chinese Lunar New Year gift which is usually put in a red envelope or paper bag. (More...)
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January 31
Red to avoid ill fortune in one's Zodiac Year of Birth

In Chinese tradition, Ben Ming Nian (本命年) refers to the year of zodiac animal in which one was born. (More...)
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