CIIC:Selected anniversaries/October

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October 1
Mao Zedong announces the founding of the People's Republic of China.

1931: China regained control of Weihaiwei.

1949: PRC held founding ceremony.

1955: Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region was established.

1960: China and Burma signed Boundary Treaty.

1999:A massive military parade was held in Beijing to celebrate the 50th birthday of the PRC.

2000: China Millennium Monument officially opened to the public.

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October 2
League of Nations released the Lytton Report.

1995: First joint Sino-Korean bank was established.

1991: Hong Kong University of Science and Technology was opened.

1990: Xiamen Airlines plane got hijacked.

1932: League of Nations released the Lytton Report.

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October 3
Kaiping Mining Bureau

1877: Li Hongzhang started to build the Kaiping Mining Bureau.

1949: China and the Soviet Union established diplomatic relations at the ambassadorial level.

1992: Genetic engineering of rice breeding experienced a breakthrough.

1993: The Chinese film Finding Fun was awarded a first prize at the 6th Tokyo Int'l Film Festival.

1993: Dozens of visitors swept away by tides of Qiantang River, 19 dead.

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October 4
The Ancient Bell Museum

1985: The Ancient Bell Museum opened in Beijing.

1986: Chinese men's volleyball team claimed their first Asian Games championship.

1995: China's first desert highway opened to traffic.

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October 5
Sun Yat-sen

1903: Dr. Sun Yat-sen set to establish the China Revolutionary Army.

1998: China signed the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

1999: The First China Hi-Tech Fair kicked off in Shenzhen.

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October 6
The Potala Palace

1999: Conference held for CTBT entry into force

1990: State Council approved construction of marine nature reserves

1913: China and Britain met on the Tibet Issue

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October 7
Marshal Liu Bocheng

1995: Trial operation of China's 'submarine detection system'

1993: The 1st Shanghai International Film Festival opened

1986: Marshal Liu Bocheng died

1986: The first foster home for mentally handicapped children opened in Beijing

1888: Government of Qing Dynasty developed its Navy, set up Beiyang Fleet

1860: British and French allied forces burned Yuanmingyuan

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October 8
First Chinese mainland McDonald's

1843: China and U.K. signed Treaty of the Bogue

1900: Dr. Sun Yat-sen staged Huichow Uprising

1985: First Chinese solar station was built and began to generate electricity in Gansu Province

1990: First Chinese mainland McDonald's opened in Shenzhen

1992: A chartered plane of Wuhan Airlines crashed in Gansu Province

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October 9
Main branches of the Red Army joined forces in Gansu, marking the victorious completion of the Long March.

1935: Main branches of the Red Army joined forces in Gansu, marking the victorious completion of the Long March.

1985: More than 23,000 inscribed bamboo slips of Han Dynasty were unearthed in Hexi Corridor.

1993: Mummies discovered in Xinjiang.

2002: The Statute Book of the People's Republic of China was published.

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October 10
Leaders of the CPC and Kuomintang (From the right: Mao Zedong, Wang Shijie, Zhang Qun, Chiang Kai-shek, Chiang Ching-kuo, and Patrick Jay Hurley, US ambassador to China)

1934: Long March began.

1945: The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China signed the "Double Ten Agreement".

1947: "Outline Land Law of China" was promulgated by CPC Central Committee.

2000:China became a permanent normal US trading partner.

2001: Former mayor of Shenyang sentenced to death.

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October 11
Wu Han

1969: Well-known Chinese historian Wu Han died in prison during the "Cultural Revolution".

1972: China established diplomatic relations with Germany.

2000: The International Conference on Engineering and Technology, one of China's largest and highest level conferences in the engineering and technological field, was held in Beijing.

2002: As a part of the reform of China's civil aviation industry and the General Administration of Civil Aviation of China (CAAC), six new aviation groups were born in 2002.

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October 12
The New Fourth Army is being mobilized to fight against Japanese aggressors.

1885: Qing government raised Taiwan from county to provincial status and appointed Liu Mingchuan as provincial governor as the Sino-French War (August 1884 – April 1885) brought Taiwan's strategic position off the southeast coast into focus.

1937: Founding of the New Fourth Army.

1998: China women's team won the 33rd Chess Olympiad held in the "Chess City" of Elista in Russia.

2001: Rice genome decoded.

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October 13
Inscribed oracle shells unearthed at Yin Ruins.

1928: Excavation of the Yin Ruins in Anyang began

1949: Establishment of the Youth and Children of China Movement (Young Pioneers of China)

1970: Sino-Canadian diplomatic relations established

1987: A pawnshop which had disappeared for more than 30 years in the Chinese mainland reemerged on the Xiyu Street of Chengdu.

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October 14
The Imperial University of Peking was located on Mashenmiao Street, on the eastern side of Jingshan Mountain.

1902: The Imperial University of Peking held its first entrance examination.

1918: Peking University set up the country's first journalism research institute, marking the start of journalism studies in China.

1920: A gas explosion at a coal mine in Tangshan in Hebei Province killed 450 miners and injured over one hundred.

1986: A Chinese rafting expedition spent four months drifting down the Yangtze River passing through the river's steepest stretches.

1992: China announced it had acceded to the Berne Convention, an international convention on copyright.

1998: At the invitation of the mainland Association for Relations across the Taiwan Straits, a 12-member delegation from the Taiwan-based Straits Exchange Foundation led by its chairman, Koo Chen-fu, arrived in Shanghai on October 14, 1998, for a six-day visit to the Chinese mainland.

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October 15
Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge

1957: The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China formulated the criteria for defining rightists.

1957: Construction of the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge completed.

1990: Yu Pingbo, a modern poet and redologist, died of illness in Beijing.

2003: China's first manned spacecraft, Shenzhou V, was successfully launched into space, making China the third country in the world to have independent technology capable of launching manned spacecraft. Yang Liwei, the astronaut on board, became China's first space hero.

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October 16
Beijing Electron-Positron Collider

690: Empress Wu Zetian throned.

1913: Birth of physicist Qian Sanqiang

1949: The People's Republic of China established diplomatic relations with Mongolia.

1964: China successfully exploded its first atomic bomb, becoming the fifth country to acquire nuclear weapons, after the USA, USSR, UK and France.

1988:The Beijing Electron-Positron Collider (BEPC) carried out its first successful collision.

1999: The 14th World Gymnastics Championships attracted thousands of gymnasts from 73 countries to Tianjin in northern China. The Chinese team won the men's team trophy, the men's rings, the women's beam, and the men's vault. China took third place in the women's team trophy.

2000: Publication of White Paper China's National Defense in 2000

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October 17
11-year-old Puyi

1862: The Yellow Dragon Flag was chosen as the first national flag of the Qing Dynasty.

1967: The passing of Puyi, the last emperor of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912)

1994: Important discovery in Xinjiang Jiaohe Ruins.

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October 18
China and Russia validated agreement on western boundary

1910: China's 1st National Games opened.

1995: China and Russia validated agreement on western boundary.

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October 19
Lu Xun

1936: Lu Xun, the most famous Chinese writer of the 20th century, passed away.

1949: Following the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Chinese Central People's Government Committee held its third meeting to discuss appointments to the Government Administration Council, the People's Revolutionary Military Commission, the Supreme People's Court, the Supreme People's Prosecutor's Office and the Office of the Central People's Government.

1950: Six armies of the Chinese People's Volunteer Army, a total of 18 divisions in all, crossed the Yalu River on the way to the front in North Korea.

1965: China and the Kingdom of Nepal exchanged mail for the first time, on the Friendship Bridge on the Sino-Nepalese border, marking the start of direct postal services between the two countries.

2001: Chinese maestro Li Delun passed away.

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October 20
Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant

1923: First issue of Chinese Youth published.

1945: Mao Zedong and Patrick J. Hurley reached agreement on five points.

1984: The Third Plenary Session of the 12th CPC Central Committee adopted the concept of a Planned Commodity Economy.

1999: Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant began construction.

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October 21
The Economy Committee of the Government Administrative Council was established on October 21, 1949.

1874: The patriotic overseas Chinese Tan Kah Kee's birthday

1944: In consideration of the vacancies for Special Forces and lower graded cadres in the army garrison in India and the expeditionary force in Burma, and also because the Allies needed a large number of translators in China, Chiang Kai-shek launched a campaign that appealed to 100,000 educated youth to volunteer for service.

1949: The Government Administrative Council, the cabinet of the People's Republic of China, established.

1994: Seventeen people were killed and more than 30 others injured when a train collided with a shuttle bus of Beinei Group at an unattended crossing in Chaoyang district, Beijing.

1997: Three Thousand Years of Chinese Painting, the inaugural volume of The Cultural and Civilization of China series of books co-published by the U.S. and China was issued in Beijing.

2001: The 9th APEC Informal Leadership Meeting was held in Shanghai.

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October 22
In Tokyo, Prime Minister of Japan Takeo Fukuda welcomes Deng Xiaoping.

1978: Vice Premier of the State Council Deng Xiaoping arrived in Japan to pay an official goodwill visit.

1986: Marshal Ye Jianying passed away.

1999: China National Working Commission on Aging came into existence.

2002: The China Enterprise Confederation and US Business Week co-organized the CEO Forum which was built around the theme of "Rethinking the 21st Century Corporation: Balancing Turbulence, Power and Responsibility."

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October 23
Woman Crying directed by Shen Xiling

1924: General Feng Yuxiang launched the Beijing Coup d'Etat.

1931: The Latest Action Guidelines was adopted by the Chinese League of Left-wing Dramatists in September 1931 and posted on the Literature Leader Volume 1, combined 6 & 7 Issue on October 23 of the same year, marking the beginning of the Chinese Left-wing Cinema Movement.

1999: Under the Cooperation Framework for Furthering Youth Exchange, signed by the Chinese and Japanese governments in November 1988, the first group of 100 from the Japanese youth delegation arrived in Beijing and began their goodwill visit.

2002: The China Great Wall Industry Corporation signed a launch service agreement with APT Satellite Company Limited (APT) to send the APSTAR VI into orbit while piggybacked on the Long March 3B carrier rocket. The rocket was launched at the end of 2004 according to the deal.

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October 24
Marshal Peng Dehuai

1860: The Qing Government of China and Britain signed the Convention of Peking.

1898: Marshal Peng Dehuai was born.

1958: North Korean Prime Minister Kim Il Sung held a state banquet in honor of the Chinese volunteer soldiers who were leaving North Korea for home.

2007: Chang'e 1, an un-manned lunar orbiter, was successfully launched at Xichang Satellite Launch Center. It sent back lunar photos and relative statistics.

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October 25
Upon hearing that China had regained its seat in the UN, Chinese Foreign Minister Qiao Guanhua couldn't contain his excitement.

1860: The Qing government of China and France signed the unequal Convention of Peking.

1971: The 26th United Nations General Assembly passed Resolution 2758 with an overwhelming majority of votes and restored all the lawful rights of the People's Republic of China in the UN and expelled the representatives of the Taiwan authorities from the United Nations and all its affiliated agencies.

1987: The Thirteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China was convened in Beijing.

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October 26
Li Siguang

1889: Archaeologist Li Siguang was born.

1992: The Securities Commission of the State Council was founded on October 26, 1992 to protect the public's interest by strengthening macro-management of the securities market and coordinate policies involving stocks, bonds and national debts.

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October 27
Yan Fu

1921: Yan Fu, nowadays considered a famous Chinese idealistic torchbearer, died.

1966: China successfully launched its first nuclear missile.

1997: The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) was signed by Qin Huasun, Chinese permanent representative to the United Nations, on behalf of the People's Republic of China, in New York, at the UN's headquarters.

1997: The 1st World Integrative Medicine Congress opened at the Beijing International Conference Center. Experiences on the combination of Chinese traditional and Western medicines in the fields of theoretical, clinical, educational and policy management were exchanged at the conference.

2002: The Long March 4B rocket successfully launched the Zi Yuan 2 (ZY-2) satellite from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center. This was the second remote sensing satellite developed by China.

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October 28

1950: China and Finland established diplomatic relations.

1970: Construction of the Tanzam Railway (TAZARA) commenced.

2000: A joint cooperative contract for an 800,000-ton ethylene project was signed. With a total investment of US$4.05 billion, the petrochemical project jointly operated by CNOOC and the Royal Dutch/Shell Group was not only the largest petrochemical Sino-foreign project for China, but also the largest project for the Shell group in its more-than-100-year history since establishment.

2000: China's Central Nationalities Orchestra held its first concert at the Theater of the Champs-Élysées in Paris, lifting the curtain on the Paris-China Culture Season. This was China's first large-scale cultural exchange activity held in France.

2013: A jeep crashed into a crowd of people and caught fire in front of the Tian'anmen Rostrum in downtown Beijing, killing five people and injuring another 40.

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October 29
Li Dazhao

1889: Revolutionary pioneer and martyr Li Dazhao was born.

1980: Wang Zhigang, a worker of a tractor factory in Yuncheng, Shanxi Province, conducted bomb attacks at the Beijing Railway Station, killing nine, including Wang himself, and wounding 81.

1964: China and Zambia established diplomatic relations.

1991: A 20-year old Chinese female chess player, Xie Jun, defeated Maya Chiburdanidze for the world championship after 15 games in the Women's World Chess Championship in Manila, the Philippines. Maya Chiburdanidze's domination had lasted for 13 years since 1978.

2015: China announced to allow all couples to have two children, abandoning its decades-long one-child policy, according to a communique issued after the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee.

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October 30
Xian Xinghai

1945: Chinese musician Xian Xinghai died.

1989: Project Hope was created to help deprived children.

1990: The National Bureau of Statistics published the data of the fourth national census: by the end of June 1990, the mainland population had reached 1,133,682,501. Including the population data of Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao provided by Taiwan authorities, the British Hong Kong Government and Portugal Macao Government respectively, the final Chinese population count totaled 1,160,017,381.

1992: A joint Chinese-Japanese expedition became the first to reach the summit of Namjag Barwa Mountain, the highest eastern anchor of the Himalayan chain at 7,782 m above sea level.

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October 31
Shanghai-Jiading Expressway

1986: China's first icegoing ship "Jidi" embarked on its voyage around the world from Qingdao Port.

1987: More than 700 people fell ill in a food poisoning case in Shanghai due to a restaurant's violation of health regulations.

1988: The Shanghai-Jiading Expressway, the first one in China, opened to traffic.

1989: The ship "Golden Hill" from Shanghai Port Barge Transport Co., with a loading capacity of 4,359.7 tons, encountered a sudden tornadic waterspout and sank deep into the Bohai Sea at latitude 38°28.5' north and longitude 120°17.5' east. Of all its crew members, only seven bodies were found.

1989: The Law of the People's Republic of China on Assemblies, Processions and Demonstrations was adopted at the 10th meeting of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National People's Congress.

1994: Xinhua News Agency reported that, after accurate field measurements, two professors from Wuhan Technical University of Surveying and Mapping indicated that the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet was exactly 115.703 m high.

1999: Four Chinese athletes, Yang Yang (A), Yang Yang (S), Wang Chunlu and Sun Dandan, won the women's 3,000 m relay, clocking in at five seconds faster than the world record of 4'16260, at the Short Track Speed Skating World Cup in Utah, America.

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