CIIC:Selected anniversaries/December

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December 1
Zhu De in the army

1886: First Marshal of China Zhu De was born.

1887: Qing government and Portugal signed the Treaty of Peking.

1948: People's Bank of China was established.

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December 2

1929: Pei Wenzhong discovered the skull of the "Peking Man".

1975: Chairman Mao Zedong met with US President Gerald Ford.

1988: Chinese recorded the Fastest climb of Vinson Massif.

1999: High-level International Ozone Protection Conference opened in Beijing, being the largest-scale international environmental conference hosted by China to date.

2013: China's lunar probe Chang'e 3 was launched successfully with its first moon rover aboard from Xichang Satellite Launch Center in southwest China's Sichuan Province.



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December 3
Pingyao Ancient City

1877: Birthday of prominent scholar Wang Guowei.

1982: Closing of the 9th Asian Games which saw the beginning of Chinese dominance in the medals table.

1997: Pingyao Ancient City was listed as a World Cultural Relics Site by UNESCO.

2002: China successfully won the right to host the World Exposition 2010 at the 132nd General Assembly of International Bureau of Exhibitions.

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December 4
Ah Bing

1906: The anniversary of "Pingliuli Uprising".

1950: Musician Ah Bing died.

1991: Beijing officially bid to host the 2000 Olympic Games.

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December 5
Li Keran

1893: China and England signed the Tibet-India Clause.

1989: Pingjin Campaign started.

1989:Painter Li Keran passed away.

1992: Writer Ai Wu passed away at 88.

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December 6
South Xinjiang Railway

1907: Constitutional Movement Emerges in China.

1984: Federation of Chinese Journalism Societies set up.

1995: China, Russia, North Korea, South Korea and Mongolia sign agreements to develop the Tumen River area.

1999: South Xinjiang Railway opened to traffic.

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December 7
Composer Zheng Lvcheng

1976: Composer Zheng Lvcheng passed away.

1997: New York held concert commemorating Nanjing Massacre.

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December 8
Xu Guangqi (R) and Matteo Ricci

1633: Xu Guangqi, a Ming Dynasty scientist died.

1910: Poet Bian Zhilin was born.

1971: China and Iceland established diplomatic relations.

1994: A huge fire broke out in Karamay.

2013: Cantonese opera singer and movie actress Hung Sin-nui died of a heart attack in Guangzhou.

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December 9
The December 9 Movement

1935: The December 9 Movement

1941: China declared war on Germany, Japan and Italy.

1958: The dam project of Sanmen Gorge on the Yellow River was completed.

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December 10
Jingjintang Expressway

1968: Dramatist Tian Han passed away.

1987: Construction of Jingjintang Expressway started.

1996: Five Chinese youths won the first Eradication of Poverty award for international youth.

1998: Famous nuclear physical scientist Wang Ganchang passed away.

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December 11
Delegates celebrated adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997.

1911: Qian Xuesen, father of the Chinese space program, was born.

1995: Modern female writer Yang Mo passed away.

1997: The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan.

2001: China officially entered the WTO, becoming its 143rd member.

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December 12
Zhang Xueliang (R) and Yang Hucheng

1936: Zhang Xueliang and Yang Hucheng launched the "Xi'an Incident."

1966: Educationist Wu Yuzhang passed away.

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December 13
The headquarter of BOCOG

1937: Beginning of the Nanjing Massacre

1978: Deng Xiaoping's speech became the subject report of the 3rd Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC.

1996: Cao Yu, the founder of modern Chinese plays, passed away.

2001: BOCOG (Beijing Organizing Committee of the Games of XXIX Olympiad) was set up.

2014: The day was ratified as the national memorial day for Nanjing Massacre victims.

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December 14
1408: The compilation of the Yongle Encyclopedia was completed.

1960: China established diplomatic relations with Somalia.

1971: China established diplomatic relations with Cyprus.

1992: Yang Zhaoxi, a famous Chinese writer by the penname of Shating, passed away.

1994: The Three Gorges Dam project on the Yangtze River kicked-off.

2013: China's lunar probe Chang'e 3, with the country's first-ever moon rover Yutu onboard, successfully lands on the moon.



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December 15
Chang'e 3 moon lander (above) and the Yutu moon rover photograph on the moon's surface Dec. 15, 2013, a move that marks a complete success of the country's Chang'e-3 lunar probe mission.

1949: Chinese People's Institute of Foreign Affairs founded

1982: The first Mao Dun Literature Award ceremony held

1983: Chinese Women's Football Team founded

2013: The moon rover Yutu and lander of China's lunar probe Chang'e 3 take photos of each other on the moon's surface

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December 16
HKSAR Chief Executive Tung Chee Hwa (L) was sworn in at a ceremony in Hong Kong on July 1, 1997.

705: Wu Zetian, the only Empress in Chinese history, died.

1920: The Ningxia Haiyuan Earthquake claimed 230,000 lives.

1945: The China Democratic National Construction Association was founded.

1963: Chinese Communist military leader, General Luo Ronghuan passed away.

1996: The State Council appointed Tung Chee Hwa as first chief executive of Hong Kong SAR.

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December 17
The Imperial University of Peking was located on Mashenmiao Street, on the eastern side of Jingshan Mountain.

1888: The Beiyang Army was created.

1902: Imperial University of Peking opened.

1935: The Wayaobao Meeting was held.

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December 18
Deng Xiaoping at the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, 1978.

1882: Cai E, a celebrated general in modern Chinese revolutionary history, was born.

1978: The Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China began.

1987: China completed its first all-Chinese robot, Yegang No. 1 Robot.

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December 19
China and the United Kingdom sign a joint declaration on the issue of Hong Kong.

1984: The Sino-British Joint Declaration was signed.

1985: PLA University of National Defense was established.

1998: Famous writer and scholar Qian Zhongshu passed away.

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December 20
Portugal transferred sovereignty over Macao to China.

753: Tang Dynasty monk Jianzhen finally arrived in Japan at his sixth attempt.

1958: China established diplomatic relations with Algeria.

1986: Aesthetician Zong Baihua died.

1999: Portugal transferred sovereignty over Macao to China.

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December 21
Daqin Railway

1964: China proposed "realizing four modernizations" for the first time.

1992: Daqin Railway was opened.

1997: Asia's largest transonic wind tunnel built up in China.

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December 22
Yinhe-1

1905: China and Japan signed Manchuria Rehabilitation Agreement.

1983: China's first super computer - Yinhe-1, capable of performing 100 million calculations per second, was developed by the Computer Institute under the National Defense Science and Technology University in Changsha, Hunan Province.

1983: China Wildlife Conservation Association was founded.

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December 23
Qi Baishi

1863: Chinese painter Qi Baishi was born.

1912: The Chinese government announced full sovereignty over Tibet.

1949: First National Educational Work Conference held.

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December 24
Chengdu-Chongqing electric railway

1987: Chengdu-Chongqing electric railway completed.

1987: A helicopter was successfully landed on an independently-developed missile destroyer for the first time on December 24, 1987. The addition of a hanger and flight deck to China's destroyers significantly expanded their capabilities.

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December 25
Gu Jiegang

1915: The Republic Protection Campaign began.

1980: Historian Gu Jiegang died at 87 in Beijing.

2000: A fire broke out in a commercial building in Luoyang, Henan Province, killing 309.

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December 26
Mao Zedong

1893: Mao Zedong was born.

1962: The People's Republic of China and the People's Republic of Mongolia signed the Boundary Treaty that outlined provisions for determining the border between the two countries.

1968: The famous Peking opera performer Xun Huisheng died.

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December 27
Liao Mosha

1955: The first automatic hydropower station designed and built by China began operations, three months ahead of schedule.

1991: Writer Liao Mosha died.

2002: Construction on the South-to-North Water Diversion Project began.

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December 28
Feng Guozhang

1919: Feng Guozhang, a key Beiyang Army general in Republic of China (1912-1949) died.

1929: Gutian Meeting was held.

1960: China established diplomatic relations with Cuba.

1984: Shanghai became one of the ten biggest harbors in the world.

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December 29
Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge

1899: General Nie Rongzhen was born.

1911: Sun Yat-sen was elected the Provisional President of the Republic of China (1911-1949).

1968: Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge opened.

1972: The People's Republic of China and the Republic of Benin restore diplomatic relations.

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December 30
China successfully launched the Shenzhou IV spaceship.

1945: China Association for Promoting Democracy was founded.

1997: The People's Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa established diplomatic relations.

2002: China successfully launched the Shenzhou IV spaceship.

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December 31
Great Wall Station

1894: Playwright Hong Shen was born.

1984: A foundation-laying ceremony was held for the Great Wall Station in Antarctica.

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