CIIC:Selected anniversaries/December


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<< Selected anniversaries for December
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December 1
Zhu De in the army

1886: First Marshal of China Zhu De was born.

1887: Qing government and Portugal signed the Treaty of Peking.

1948: People's Bank of China was established.


December 2

1929: Pei Wenzhong discovered the skull of the "Peking Man".

1975: Chairman Mao Zedong met with US President Gerald Ford.

1988: Chinese recorded the Fastest climb of Vinson Massif.

1999: High-level International Ozone Protection Conference opened in Beijing, being the largest-scale international environmental conference hosted by China to date.

2013: China's lunar probe Chang'e 3 was launched successfully with its first moon rover aboard from Xichang Satellite Launch Center in southwest China's Sichuan Province.


December 3
Pingyao Ancient City

1877: Birthday of prominent scholar Wang Guowei.

1982: Closing of the 9th Asian Games which saw the beginning of Chinese dominance in the medals table.

1997: Pingyao Ancient City was listed as a World Cultural Relics Site by UNESCO.

2002: China successfully won the right to host the World Exposition 2010 at the 132nd General Assembly of International Bureau of Exhibitions.


December 4
Ah Bing

1906: The anniversary of "Pingliuli Uprising".

1950: Musician Ah Bing died.

1991: Beijing officially bid to host the 2000 Olympic Games.


December 5
Li Keran

1893: China and England signed the Tibet-India Clause.

1989: Pingjin Campaign started.

1989:Painter Li Keran passed away.

1992: Writer Ai Wu passed away at 88.


December 6
South Xinjiang Railway

1907: Constitutional Movement Emerges in China.

1984: Federation of Chinese Journalism Societies set up.

1995: China, Russia, North Korea, South Korea and Mongolia sign agreements to develop the Tumen River area.

1999: South Xinjiang Railway opened to traffic.


December 7
Composer Zheng Lvcheng

1976: Composer Zheng Lvcheng passed away.

1997: New York held concert commemorating Nanjing Massacre.


December 8
Xu Guangqi (R) and Matteo Ricci

1633: Xu Guangqi, a Ming Dynasty scientist died.

1910: Poet Bian Zhilin was born.

1971: China and Iceland established diplomatic relations.

1994: A huge fire broke out in Karamay.

2013: Cantonese opera singer and movie actress Hung Sin-nui died of a heart attack in Guangzhou.


December 9
The December 9 Movement

1935: The December 9 Movement

1941: China declared war on Germany, Japan and Italy.

1958: The dam project of Sanmen Gorge on the Yellow River was completed.


December 10
Jingjintang Expressway

1968: Dramatist Tian Han passed away.

1987: Construction of Jingjintang Expressway started.

1996: Five Chinese youths won the first Eradication of Poverty award for international youth.

1998: Famous nuclear physical scientist Wang Ganchang passed away.


December 11
Delegates celebrated adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997.

1911: Qian Xuesen, father of the Chinese space program, was born.

1995: Modern female writer Yang Mo passed away.

1997: The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan.

2001: China officially entered the WTO, becoming its 143rd member.


December 12
Zhang Xueliang (R) and Yang Hucheng

1936: Zhang Xueliang and Yang Hucheng launched the "Xi'an Incident."

1966: Educationist Wu Yuzhang passed away.


December 13
The headquarter of BOCOG

1937: Beginning of the Nanjing Massacre

1978: Deng Xiaoping's speech became the subject report of the 3rd Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC.

1996: Cao Yu, the founder of modern Chinese plays, passed away.

2001: BOCOG (Beijing Organizing Committee of the Games of XXIX Olympiad) was set up.

2014: The day was ratified as the national memorial day for Nanjing Massacre victims.


December 14
1408: The compilation of the Yongle Encyclopedia was completed.

1960: China established diplomatic relations with Somalia.

1971: China established diplomatic relations with Cyprus.

1992: Yang Zhaoxi, a famous Chinese writer by the penname of Shating, passed away.

1994: The Three Gorges Dam project on the Yangtze River kicked-off.

2013: China's lunar probe Chang'e 3, with the country's first-ever moon rover Yutu onboard, successfully lands on the moon.


December 15
Chang'e 3 moon lander (above) and the Yutu moon rover photograph on the moon's surface Dec. 15, 2013, a move that marks a complete success of the country's Chang'e-3 lunar probe mission.

1949: Chinese People's Institute of Foreign Affairs founded

1982: The first Mao Dun Literature Award ceremony held

1983: Chinese Women's Football Team founded

2013: The moon rover Yutu and lander of China's lunar probe Chang'e 3 take photos of each other on the moon's surface


December 16
HKSAR Chief Executive Tung Chee Hwa (L) was sworn in at a ceremony in Hong Kong on July 1, 1997.

705: Wu Zetian, the only Empress in Chinese history, died.

1920: The Ningxia Haiyuan Earthquake claimed 230,000 lives.

1945: The China Democratic National Construction Association was founded.

1963: Chinese Communist military leader, General Luo Ronghuan passed away.

1996: The State Council appointed Tung Chee Hwa as first chief executive of Hong Kong SAR.


December 17
The Imperial University of Peking was located on Mashenmiao Street, on the eastern side of Jingshan Mountain.

1888: The Beiyang Army was created.

1902: Imperial University of Peking opened.

1935: The Wayaobao Meeting was held.


December 18
Deng Xiaoping at the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, 1978.

1882: Cai E, a celebrated general in modern Chinese revolutionary history, was born.

1978: The Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China began.

1987: China completed its first all-Chinese robot, Yegang No. 1 Robot.


December 19
China and the United Kingdom sign a joint declaration on the issue of Hong Kong.

1984: The Sino-British Joint Declaration was signed.

1985: PLA University of National Defense was established.

1998: Famous writer and scholar Qian Zhongshu passed away.


December 20
Portugal transferred sovereignty over Macao to China.

753: Tang Dynasty monk Jianzhen finally arrived in Japan at his sixth attempt.

1958: China established diplomatic relations with Algeria.

1986: Aesthetician Zong Baihua died.

1999: Portugal transferred sovereignty over Macao to China.


December 21
Daqin Railway

1964: China proposed "realizing four modernizations" for the first time.

1992: Daqin Railway was opened.

1997: Asia's largest transonic wind tunnel built up in China.


December 22

1905: China and Japan signed Manchuria Rehabilitation Agreement.

1983: China's first super computer - Yinhe-1, capable of performing 100 million calculations per second, was developed by the Computer Institute under the National Defense Science and Technology University in Changsha, Hunan Province.

1983: China Wildlife Conservation Association was founded.


December 23
Qi Baishi

1863: Chinese painter Qi Baishi was born.

1912: The Chinese government announced full sovereignty over Tibet.

1949: First National Educational Work Conference held.


December 24
Chengdu-Chongqing electric railway

1987: Chengdu-Chongqing electric railway completed.

1987: A helicopter was successfully landed on an independently-developed missile destroyer for the first time on December 24, 1987. The addition of a hanger and flight deck to China's destroyers significantly expanded their capabilities.


December 25
Gu Jiegang

1915: The Republic Protection Campaign began.

1980: Historian Gu Jiegang died at 87 in Beijing.

2000: A fire broke out in a commercial building in Luoyang, Henan Province, killing 309.


December 26
Mao Zedong

1893: Mao Zedong was born.

1962: The People's Republic of China and the People's Republic of Mongolia signed the Boundary Treaty that outlined provisions for determining the border between the two countries.

1968: The famous Peking opera performer Xun Huisheng died.


December 27
Liao Mosha

1955: The first automatic hydropower station designed and built by China began operations, three months ahead of schedule.

1991: Writer Liao Mosha died.

2002: Construction on the South-to-North Water Diversion Project began.


December 28
Feng Guozhang

1919: Feng Guozhang, a key Beiyang Army general in Republic of China (1912-1949) died.

1929: Gutian Meeting was held.

1960: China established diplomatic relations with Cuba.

1984: Shanghai became one of the ten biggest harbors in the world.


December 29
Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge

1899: General Nie Rongzhen was born.

1911: Sun Yat-sen was elected the Provisional President of the Republic of China (1911-1949).

1968: Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge opened.

1972: The People's Republic of China and the Republic of Benin restore diplomatic relations.


December 30
China successfully launched the Shenzhou IV spaceship.

1945: China Association for Promoting Democracy was founded.

1997: The People's Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa established diplomatic relations.

2002: China successfully launched the Shenzhou IV spaceship.


December 31
Great Wall Station

1894: Playwright Hong Shen was born.

1984: A foundation-laying ceremony was held for the Great Wall Station in Antarctica.


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