Three People's Principles

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Sun Yat-sen

The Three People's Principles is a political philosophy developed by Sun Yat-sen, a revolutionary pioneer and founder of the Republic of China (1911-1949).

Influenced by Western democracy and Confucian ideology, Sun developed the philosophy during his struggle to overthrow the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). The principles nationalism (minzu 民族), democracy (minzhu 民主) and people's livelihood (minsheng 民生) later became the doctrine of the Kuomintang Party, founded shortly after the Revolution of 1911.

The principles targeted changing a nation that had long been mired in semi-colonial inequality and Manchurian authoritarianism. It advocated building an independent and democratic country for the welfare of its people. In his philosophy, Sun expected to build a united nation to fight against imperialist aggression, organize a parliament and national assembly and alter land ownership.