1937: Beginning of the Nanjing Massacre
1978: Deng Xiaoping's speech became the subject report of the 3rd Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC.
1996: Cao Yu, the founder of modern Chinese plays, passed away.
2001: BOCOG (Beijing Organizing Committee of the Games of XXIX Olympiad) was set up.
2014: The day was ratified as the national memorial day for Nanjing Massacre victims.